In Class Program Resources
Elephant Toothpaste (a foamy adventure):
1. Hydrogen Peroxide (6%-also known as 20 volume developer at beauty supply stores)
2. Dish Soap
3. Empy Plastic Bottle
4. Food Coloring
5. Active Dry Yeast
6. Warm Water
7. Small Dish or Container
1. Fill the bottle about 1/3rd of the way with hydrogen peroxide.
2. Add a few squirts of dish soap and a few drops of food coloring and swirl the bottle to mix.
3. In a separate dish or container mix 1 part yeast to 3 parts warm water and stir for about 30 seconds to mix.
4. Now it is time for the reaction! This will get messy, so make sure your bottle is in a container or you are outside. Pour the yeast mixture into the bottle with hydrogen peroxide and watch the fun!
5. Once the reaction has happened, the foam that is created is completely safe to play with, so have fun!
Q: If H2O is the formula for water, what is the formula for ice?
A: H2O cubed
Q: Why can you never trust atoms?
A: They make everything up!
Q: Where do you put dirty dishes?
A: In the zinc
Helium is lighter than the air around us so it floats, that’s why it is used to fill balloons!
Humans breathe out carbon dioxide (CO2). Using energy from sunlight, plants convert carbon dioxide into food in a process called photosynthesis.
Chemical reactions are occurring all the time! Cooking is one activity that includes a variety of chemical reactions, one popular example is mixing vinegar and baking soda.
Ingenious Fun! Students explore the power of conductivity while creating their very own LED-powered mystical creature.
Check out Electricity for Kids for fun facts, games, quizzes, experiments, and more all focused on electricity.
Explore a variety of electricity sources at Kids’ Corner with games, videos, and more!
Learn about how electricity is made and more fun facts at Alliant Energy Kids!
Learn more about circuits at DK Find Out.http:// https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=js7Q-r7G9u
Q: Why do transformers hum?
A: They don’t know the words!
Q: What did Godzilla say when he ate the nuclear power plant?
Q: What would a barefooted man get if he steps on an electric wire?
A: A pair of shocks!
Q: Why did the gardener plant a light bulb?
A: He thought he would get a power plant!
Q: Why is wind power popular?
A: Because it has a lot of fans!
Q: What type of car does an electrician drive?
A: A volts-wagon
Q: What did the baby light bulb say to the mama lightbulb?
A: I love you Watts and Watts!
Electricity travels at the speed of light – more than 186,000 miles per second!
A spark of static electricity can measure up to three thousand (3,000) volts.
A bolt of lightning can measure up to three million (3,000,000) volts, and it lasts less than one second!
Electricity can be made from wind, water, the sun and even animal poop.
The first power plant – owned by Thomas Edison – opened in New York City in 1882.
Thomas Edison invented more than 2,000 new products, including almost everything needed for us to use electricity in our homes: switches, fuses, sockets and meters.
Benjamin Franklin didn’t discover electricity, but he did prove that lightning is a form of electrical energy.
Electricity travels at 6,696,000 miles per hour.
Electric eels can produce shocks of 500 volts or more.
3-2-1-Blast Off!!! Students learn about the forces of “push” and “pull” and simple machines as they launch air propelled rockets.
Learn more about different forces at you design your very own roller coaster at learner.org.
Check out this simple catapult that allows kids to experiment with different forces while building a simple machine!
Explore a variety of forces and experiments to try at home at Science Sparks.
Make your own pop rocket with Teach Engineering.
Q: How do you get a baby astronaut to sleep?
A: You rocket!
Q: What did the astronaut get when the rocket fell on his foot?
Q: How did the rocket lose its job?
A: It got fired.
Q: What is easy to pull but hard to push?
A: A rope.
Q: What time do astronauts eat?
A: At launch time.
Q: Why did the cow get in the rocket?
A: To go to the moooooooon.
Even though space travel didn’t happen until the 1960’s, rockets have been around for a long time. The first rocket was invented by the Chinese around year 1200. Rockets are the oldest of all engines.
Rockets were originally used for fireworks and for rescuing people at sea.
Robert Goddard is considered the father of modern rocketry. He built the first liquid-fueled rocket in 1926. The rocket climbed 12 meters in 2.5 seconds.
A typical rocket produces more than a million pounds of thrust. They can travel at 22,000 miles per hour carrying 6,000 pounds!
The heat produced by a rocket in the first moments after lift-off could heat 85,000 homes for a full day.
The first satellite was the Sputnik I, launched by the R-7 ICBM by the Russians in 1957.
What is a non-Newtonian fluid? It’s a substance that does not conform to Newton’s laws regarding the three states of matter. Check out the videos and resources below to as we play with the properties of liquids, solids and gasses and create a non-Newtonian ”goo” that’s not a liquid or a solid.
Check out How Stuff Works for a variety of matter experiments to try at home!
Steve Spangler Science always has amazing experiments to try at home and their matter section is out of this world exciting!
Explore some exciting matter activities with Play Dough to Plato.
Non-Newtonian Scavenger Hunt
Believe it or not, there are lots of non-Newtonian fluids in your house! Some are more runny than others, but they are all viscous (thick) and have uneven flow when poured. A great way to learn how to identify Non-Newtonian fluids is to have a scavenger hunt. Here are some clues you can use:
- This red substance makes everything good to eat.
Pour it on fries, hot dogs, or eggs for a treat.
- Pour this on pancakes, but don’t get picky.
If you put your fingers in it, you will get sticky.
- Too much sugar and you’ll have to brush out.
This minty stuff will make your mouth happy, no doubt.
- Fingers and brushes turn this into art.
Tell mom you love her, and make a big heart.
- For milk that is chocolatey, or eating ice cream,
this topping makes dessert a sweet dream.
- This squishes your hair up into all sorts of things.
Make it look like a crown and pretend you’re a king.
But be careful of dripping, or your eyes will sting.
(Answers to rhymes: 1. ketchup, 2. syrup, 3. toothpaste, 4. paint, 5. chocolate syrup or sauce, 6. shampoo.)
Q: Why did the atom cross the road?
A: Because it was time to split!
Q: What should you say to solid, liquid and gas when they are sad?
A: What’s the matter?
Q: What is lighter than a feather but even the strongest person in the world can’t lift it?
Q: In which state does River Ravi flow?
A: Liquid state!
Q: Why can you never trust atoms?
A: They make up everything!
There are four fundamental states of matter: solid, liquid, gas and plasma.
Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space.
Pure gases are made up of just one atom. Neon is an example of a pure gas.
Elemental gases are made up of two or more of the same atoms joined together. Hydrogen gas (H2) is an example an elemental gas.
Compound gases contain a combination of different atoms. Carbon monoxide (CO) is an example of a compound gas.
The helium balloons you get at parties and carnivals float because helium is lighter than the air surrounding it.
Beam is a state of matter that scientists don’t really understand. The most important thing about beam matter is that the way it is made up is different to solids, liquids, gas and plasma. Their particles act in a meaningless way whereas in the beam state the particles act together to achieve the same end. There is also no exchange of heat energy involved as with solids, liquids, gas and plasma.